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1522
The Vittoria, one of the surviving vessels from Ferdinand Magellan's fleet, returned to Sanlucar de Barrameda, Spain, the first European ship to successfully circumnavigate the Earth.
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1635
Died, Metius (Adriaan Adriaanszoon), Dutch mathematician and astronomer
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1766
Born, John Dalton, British chemist, physicist (advocated atomic theory)
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1811
Born, James Melville Gilliss, founded the US Naval Observatory in Washington
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1867
J. C. Watson discovered asteroid #94 Aurora.

1892
Born, Edward V. Appleton, English physicist (ionosphere, sunspots, Nobel Prize 1947 "for his investigations of the physics of the upper atmosphere especially for the discovery of the so-called Appleton layer")
ref: nobelprize.org

1916
S. B. Nicholson discovered asteroid #878 Mildred.

1940
M. B. Protitch discovered asteroid #1554 Yugoslavia; Y. Vaisala discovered asteroid #1677 Tycho Brahe.

1946
Born, Bryan Daniel O'Connor (at Orange, California, USA), Colonel USMC, NASA astronaut (STS 61-B, STS 40; over 15d 23.25h in spaceflight)
Astronaut Brian O'Connor, NASA photo oconnor.jpg
Astronaut Brian O'Connor, NASA photo
ref: www.jsc.nasa.gov

1947
Died, Paul Guthnick, German astronomer, studied variable stars and stars of the southern hemisphere
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1947
The first large rocket launched from the deck of a ship was a captured German V-2, # 28, launched from the USS Midway in Operation Sandy. The missle exploded prematurely after a 10 km flight. It was the only liquid-fueled rocket launched by the US Navy.
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1954
The ground-breaking ceremony, in which President Eisenhower waved a ceremonial "neutron wand" over a neutron counter in Denver, Colorado, was held for the first US commercial nuclear power plant, at Shippingport, Pennsylvania.
ref: www.phmc.state.pa.us

1955
Born, Carl Erwin Walz (at Cleveland, Ohio, USA), Colonel USAF, NASA astronaut (STS 51, STS 65, STS 79, ISS EO-4; over 230d 13h total time in spaceflight)
Astronaut Carl E. Walz, ISS Expedition 4 flight engineer, NASA photo (1995) s95-15563.jpg
Astronaut Carl E. Walz, ISS Expedition 4 flight engineer, NASA photo (1995)
ref: www.jsc.nasa.gov

1958 22:13:00 GMT
The third Argus experiment, a small atomic bomb detonated in space over the South Atlantic, was recorded by Explorer 4.
ref: en.wikipedia.org

1962
USSR's Sputnik 20 re-entered the atmosphere after an engine restart failure prevented its mission to Venus.

Sputnik 20, launched 1 September 1962, was intended to be a Venus landing mission. The Venera-type spacecraft was successfully inserted into geocentric orbit by the SL-6/A-2-e launcher. However, at T+ 61 min 30 sec the fuel valve did not open. The ignition command was blocked from going to the main engine of Stage 4, the escape stage failed and the spacecraft was stranded in Earth orbit until it re-entered the Earth's atmosphere 5 days later.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1967
G. Soulie discovered asteroid #1736 Floirac.

1970
Died, Hans Hueter, German guided missile engineer during World War II, member of the German US Rocket Team after the war, Agena and Centaur Systems Office Director, MSFC (1960), Deputy Director of Industrial Operations (1969)
ref: findagrave.com

1972
L. Zhuravleva discovered asteroids #2720 Pyotr Pervyj and #2768 Gorky.

1978
N. Chernykh discovered asteroid #2786 Grinevia.

1988 20:30:00 GMT
China launched the FY-1A experimental weather satellite from Taiyuan on a Chang Zheng 4 booster, the first use of the new launch site and launch vehicle. The satellite failed after 38 days due to problems with the attitude control system.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1989 10:49:00 GMT
USSR launched the Resurs F-5 landsat from Plesetsk for Earth resource investigation, also carrying a West German microgravity experiment, to conduct biotechnological experiments under a commercial agreement with the firm Interspace.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1996 17:37:00 GMT
The Inmarsat 3-F2 communications satellite was launched from Baikonur, and positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 15 deg W.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

1997
During the 6h 00m Mir EO-24-2 EVA, the Mir crew of Solovyov and Foale inspected the exterior of the Spektr module, and moved solar arrays.
ref: www.spacefacts.de

1999 16:36:00 GMT
Russia launched the Yamal 101 and Yamal 102 satellites from Baikonur on a Proton-K/DM-2M booster, positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 89 and 90 deg E, respectively, to support internal communications for RAO Gazprom, the Russian gas monopoly.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

2000 22:33:00 GMT
The Eutelsat W1 communications satellite was launched from Kourou on an Ariane 44P, and positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 10 deg E.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov

2002 06:44:00 GMT
Intelsat 906 was launched from Kourou to provide Internet, telephone and television service to Europe, Asia, and Australia through its 72 C- and 22 Ku-band transponders, parked at 64 E, replacing Intelsat 804, moved to 176 E for cross-Atlantic capacity.
ref: nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov


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