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1784
13 year old Edward Warren made the first balloon flight in the US at Baltimore, Maryland.
http://fly.historicwings.com/2012/06/the-first-american-aviator/

1903
M. Wolf discovered asteroid #512 Taurinensis.

1911
Born, Nikolai Dmitriyevich Kuznetsov, Russian Chief Designer and General Designer 1949-1994 of OKB-276
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikolai_Dmitriyevich_Kuznetsov

1912
Born, Alan Mathison Turing, British mathematician, logician, cryptographer, often considered a father of modern computer science
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Turing

1924
V. Albitzkij discovered asteroid #1022 Olympiada.

1928
The third Opel rocket-car, Rak III, was mounted on railroad tracks near Celle, Germany. The first run, with 10 rockets, reached 290 kph. A second run, with 24 rockets, jumped the tracks and demolished the vehicle.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opel-RAK

1930
Born, Donn F. Eisele (at Columbus, Ohio, USA), Colonel US Air Force, astronaut (Apollo 7)

Astronaut Donn Eisele, NASA photo
http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/eisele-df.html

1931
Wiley Post (pilot) and Harold Gatty (navigator) left Roosevelt Field on Long Island, New York in the Winnie Mae on a record setting flying trip of 8 days, 15 hours and 51 minutes around the world in a single-engine plane.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiley_Post#Around_the_World

1938
The Civil Aeronautics Act was signed into law in the US, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/1053867?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

1950
The first run of a rocket-propelled research sled was made on the 3,550-foot track at Holloman AFB.
https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/Timeline/1950-54.html

1957
S. B. Nicholson discovered asteroid #1647 Menelaus.

1961 22:00:00 UTC
NASA and the USAF launched X-15A Mach 5, Aerodynamics, Stability test mission # 38 in which Major Robert M. White flew to 32.827 km with a maximum speed of 5798 kph (Mach 5.27) and lost cabin pressure during the flight.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_X-15_flights

1968
The first successful static test of the EU-15 test article of the USSR's N1 1200 ton thrust Block B second stage was conducted.
http://www.russianspaceweb.com/chronology_moon_race.html

1970 14:24:00 UTC
USSR launched the Meteor 1-5 weather satellite from Plesetsk.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1970-047A

1977 09:16:00 UTC
The US Navy and Air Force launched NTS 2 (Navigation Technical Satellite), a GPS precursor, from Vandenburg, California. The satellite operated 50% satisfactorily after launch, and was still operating 25 years later.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1977-053A

1980
The NASA Automated Pilot Advisory System demonstation began at Manassas Municipal Airport, Virginia (through 16 August 1980), a system designed to automatically provide pilots flying in VFR conditions with air traffic information.
https://archive.org/stream/nasa_techdoc_19810010514/19810010514_djvu.txt

1981 10:53:00 UTC
The NOAA 7 weather satellite was launched from Vandenburg, California.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1981-059A

1987
W. Landgraf discovered asteroid #3683 Baumann.

1987 07:37:00 UTC
USSR launched the Cosmos 1861 navigation satellite from Plesetsk for locating vessels in the Soviet merchant marine and shipping fleet, facilitation of amateur radio communication, and conduct of experiments for scientific and educational purposes.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1987-054A

1990 11:19:00 UTC
The Intelsat 6 F-4 communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida on a Titan 34D, and positioned in geosynchronous orbit at 38 deg W in 1990; 27 deg W in 1990-1992; 60 deg E in 1992-1999.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1990-056A

1992 08:00:00 UTC
USSR launched the Resurs F-15 landsat from Plesetsk, which returned a capsule from orbit on 9 July 1992.
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1992-033A

2004 22:54:00 UTC
The US Air Force launched NAVSTAR 55 (USA 178) from Cape Canaveral, a GPS 2R-12 navigation satellite (GPS Block 2R).
http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/spacecraftDisplay.do?id=2004-023A


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