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Died, Ismael Boulliau, French astronomer (suggested gravity follows an inverse-square law in 1640)

Alfred Nobel patented dynamite.

J C Watson discovered asteroid #128 Nemesis.

A Charlois discovered asteroid #346 Hermentaria.

Albert Einstein submitted his theory of general relativity as a series of lectures before the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

G Van Biesbroeck discovered asteroid #3378.

Born, Poul [William] Anderson, American science fiction author (7 Hugos, Mirkheim, Gateway, Bipohl)

L Boyer discovered asteroids #1295 Deflotte and #1296 Andree.

The first Soviet liquid fuel rocket, GIRD-X, attained an altitude of 80 meters (260 feet).

Born, Reinhard Alfred Furrer PhD (at Woergl, Austria), payload specialist astronaut (STS 61-D) (deceased)

Died, Henri Coanda, Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer, father of modern jet aircraft

Henri Marie Coandă (7 June 1886 - 25 November 1972) was a Romanian inventor, aerodynamics pioneer and the parent of the modern jet aircraft.

With the support of engineer Gustave Eiffel and aeronautical pioneer Paul Painleve, he began experimenting the aerodynamic techniques: one of this experiments was mounting a device on a train running at 90 km/hour so he could analyze the aerodynamic behavior. Another experiment used a wind tunnel with smoke and an aerodynamical balance to profile wings to be used in designing aircraft. This led to the discovery of the aerodynamic effect now known as the Coandă Effect.

In 1910, using the workshop of Joachim Caproni, he designed, built and piloted the first 'thermojet' powered aircraft, known as the Coandă-1910, which he demonstrated publicly at the second International Aeronautic Salon in Paris. The powerplant used a 4-cylinder piston engine to power a compressor, which fed to two burners for thust, instead of using a propeller.

Observed behavior of a Viking 1 radio signal from Mars was cited as evidence in support of Einstein's general theory of relativity.

Z Vavrova discovered asteroid #3628.

In a three hour ferry flight, NASA's shuttle Columbia (OV-102) was transported from Bergstrom Air Force Base, Texas, to the Kennedy Space Center, Florida.

USSR's Soyuz T-9 returned to Earth 149 days after take-off.

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